And in 2008 as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Unesco . You will be surprised when the final heyday of one of China’s best-known stringed instruments took place . Do you want to know? Attentive and keep reading that will captivate you
The USA, in the 70’s, launched a spaceship called “Voyager” and decided to select twenty-seven famous songs from all over the world to make an album and send it into space
Majestic mountains and flowing water , written in Chinese as “流水” and pronounced in Spanish as ” Liu Shui” , and whose interpreter was Guan Pinghu , was one of those selected songs and, what do you think? It was touched by the guqin. Since then, more than one person has longed to feel and show off this instrument, “the” string instrument par excellence
Analysis of the best guqins of 2021
Offers for dooooquier of the most demanded guqins of today!
To protect or not to protect your guqin. That is the question. We have it clear:
Only those who are a step above the rest, who care about the smallest details, which only belong to a few, will not only have their qin but also show it off on the streets of China or anywhere in the world with that cover with its own and characteristic style
Do you want to be the next to belong to that select club? Then scroll down 👆📱 and click!
Only authentic and original qin fans will care about artifacts like these that most of the public go unnoticed … Except for you. We refer to the best-selling digital tuner today
Do you want to know what it brings with it and the advantages of buying it together with your guqin? Well, go ahead and don’t click here below 😜!
你 是 真正 的 古琴 演员 吗？ We didn’t learn Chinese by magic. Do not worry. Although we would be happy to do so. It is a question, the question, that everyone and you, who is reading this, has to ask yourself before learning to play any instrument.
Now seriously: Are you a true guqinista? Already being on this site says a lot about you, but you still have a long way to go until you are worthy of receiving a stamp like that.
If you visit this article and commit yourself to interpret your qin with the help of didactic text and practical videos, you will be on your way to being a “古琴斯塔”. Come on you can do it!
Chinese guqin 7-string MYRCLMY brand | One of the best value for money high-end qins of 2021!
If you are looking for the best in guqins at the best price, you have come to the right place. There are only a few months that this model has been on sale and it has come to become a super success in sales
Its handmade body, the use of materials not used in lower-range qins and the exquisite sound it emits, are some of the strengths that endorse it and make it one of the most tops on the market.
Are you ready to find out what this model of qin brings us that others in its segment do not have and what it will mean for you to have a high-class guqin in your hands? Then don’t miss this article!
What are the main features of the high-end 7-string guqin?
Although it uses elements similar to those used in other models, the ones used here are unique. Which are? These:
- The upholstery of the body: With a purely handmade print, it makes us come across an authentic guqin and as God intended, worthy of being used by the most demanding users or those who have high experience in playing the instrument. As a result, we will have a shiny body with a beautiful matte finish
- A new finish on the strings: Much thinner, easier to play and easier to replace with other replacement strings thanks to the use of a much more modern and not archaic variant of nylon as used in lower class ranges of guqins. Each of the strings is adapted based on the scales of the musical notes, which, as you know, range from the highest to the lowest
- One of the most resistant: We should make a separate mention of this detail because not only on the outside this prototype has the best of the best, in the entrails it uses an old fir wood that ensures a solidity and durability of years, something fundamental when you spend a significant amount of money
- Complete set of accessories from guqins: Just as you read! With this model you will have free access to all essential elements for both beginners and experts, especially the most inexperienced. A book to learn the first skills of the instrument, a tuner, a cloth to clean it or an anti-slip mat are some of the things that you will acquire at cost 0 if you decide on this range
Hard Shop’s Top-End Chinese Guqin Best Offer of 2021
What will you have with this high-end guqin model that others can’t give you?
This is important. We all know that when we pay one amount or another of money, all this must be justified and evidenced with clear and concise arguments. The first thing to note that the pack of this product includes and that others do not have, and that you will have to buy separately, is the set of accessories that it has
It is clear, we are going to pay more than normal and the manufacturer could not fall short, neither in the design of this guqin, nor in what was included. This set is the most complete on the market. If we had to put a problem, it would be that it does not include a professional protective cover, but in that there is no problem. You can buy some for a great price
Other things where we win is in durability, and not only because of the material that this range of qin is made of, it is also because of the guarantee, which is more extensive than many of the lower ranges guqins. It always happens in instruments at more expensive costs, the manufacturer, aware that we disburse an amount that not everyone is willing to assume, fixes and retouches these aspects to win over the client from the first moment
Why buy MYRCLMY professional Chinese guqin prototype from our online store?
Not only will you get one of the most recent qins and tops of today, but also, you will do it from the online store No. 1 of guqins, obviously us, and directly from our provider, which is none other than Amazon
Security in the purchase process, pre-receipt and post-receipt service of the enviable order and even the possibility of acquiring it through financing, for those who want the best and do not have a loose budget for now, are some of the ace in the sleeve that the American giant pulls out of the chistorra to win over the customer
Before you add it to the cart, please inquire whether this high-end Chinese guqin model is going to have to pay customs tax. The cost of this guqin is not as cheap as other models and we do not want you to get an unexpected surprise…
Chinese Guqin 7-String Brand Yunzhi Hengwei Music Instruments | A three for one and no more is said!
A somewhat strange headline according to the place where you just landed, but it was inevitable to do so … Its design in an exclusive wood that you will discover below, which is one of the most demanded today and its accessible price, make it a 100% recommended qin model for any user, be it experienced or novice
That is why we use that expression more typical of sales than anything else, but come on, here for winning you do not earn just three at the price of one, but many more. You will see it yourself when you discover the main features of this model and what additional packs it includes
Do you want to know? Well, don’t move because we will tell you everything:
What are the main features of the 7-string Chinese guqin model?
Large and “bully”. This is why this Chinese 7-string qin stands out:
- The singular clad of the guqin. It is what stands out the most about this model. Its manufacture in an aged wood called Paulownia, combined with elements of a natural shrub called catalpa, make this range one of the most robust and durable finishes over time
- The finish of the pegs. Culminated by the use of a rosewood wood widely used in luxurious products that are inaccessible by many. In other words, with this qin we will have some high-end detail at an accessible cost, in addition to that it will continue to offer us that resistance so important in this type of product
- Its nylon ropes: With this element, the resistance and tranquility of each of the ropes are assured. This type of synthetic filament is one of the most used and recommended by manufacturers of string instruments. This prototype was not going to be less
- Scratch resistant. Apparently we told you something that has already been said ad nauseam, but a special section had to be dedicated: whenever you collaborate, you will keep this archetype of guqin with a certain spotlessness thanks to the fact that it was painted with black paint as such and mixed with deer horn powder, everything in order to protect the armor or outermost layer of the instrument
- A two for one in additional packs! It’s not just what we get with the flagship product, but everything it brings with it: a wonderful set of nylon strings and a professional guqin protective sleeve included. There is nothing! With this model you will also get rid of those setbacks that may arise sooner or later.
Guqin’s Best Offer of 2021 with Yunzhi Seal
What are the advantages of having this range of Chinese guqin from Yunzhi?
This particular model occupies top positions in the online search engine that we all know, Google. This already gives us a clue that many customers end up satisfied with the acquisition of this guqin model. And be careful, not only in an online search engine, in the online store where it is for sale it is also very visible
We are not surprised, everything that the instrument itself gives us in terms of finishes and features, the free gifts that the manufacturer gives us and all this for a value of less than € 300… You cannot give more for less. If you are a beginner or an expert in playing this instrument and you do not know which range to buy, do not hesitate to get this one
Come directly from China has the particular benefit that the export of any product in this country to a European or Latin American country to cheaper costs the total amount to be paid, but behind we have other things we discussed you down and you must to know
Why buy this qin model from the Chinese brand Yunzhi in our online store?
First of all, we must tell you that the qin offer you see on this page comes from the most important online store on the net: Amazon. She and we work, each one for their own, so you can rest assured that from here you can do the whole process quickly and at risk 0
Now, before you add it to the cart and enter the required data, find out in detail what are the customs taxes required in the country where you live, since it varies in each place. It is very important that you know this, otherwise you will be forced to pay an amount of money that, perhaps, you will not have…
Yanshan brand high-end guqin professional protective case | The best wrap for your Chinese qin today!
Your guqin that you just have in your hands or that you are already days away from enjoying it does not deserve to be taken here and there outdoors, it does not even deserve to rest at home with nothing to protect it against common phenomena such as humidity, dust or a possible fall
Are you a 1 in 100,000 or a “sheep” as most are? If you really want to stand out from the rest, if you really want to protect your qin, what better way than to do it with a professional packaging that will solve all your expectations from the first moment
Do you want to know more about the characteristics that it has and what juicy things it has with it that you want, even more if possible, to make us with it? If you have thought yes, stay here and show us that you really haven’t moved from this place
What are the main features of Yanshan’s high-end stamped packaging?
This cover has a special feature that we were about to tell you about , but that you will have to keep reading to find out what it is. Some of the most relevant characteristics are these:
- The lining fabric: Made with a proprietary Oxford fabric , widely used in protective covers of many international instruments, it makes us realize from the outset that we are in front of a first-class wrap. Thanks to the presence of carbon fiber elements, waterproofing is ensured
- Padding inside: Or in other words, shock absorbers that will act as a suspension in case the guqin suffers an unforeseen fall. This element, present between the black stitching and the main lining fabric, is only present in high-class protective cases
- The mixture of different grip handles: With this model of protective cover you can not only protect your guqin but also protect it with style by wearing it as a briefcase or resting on your shoulder, just like carrying a bag. With the types of finishes in a circle that it has on one of the sides, you can leave it on the floor without worrying about the fabric getting dirty
- Heterogeneity of colors! This range of professional wrapping is available not only in a khaki color, as you will see on the cover below, you also have it available in black, brown, less opaque black and a kind of gold . Modernity in its purest form!
Best Offer of 2021 of the high-end professional lining of the Chinese brand Yanshan
What did having this model of guqin protective cover gain in my hands compared to other covers in the segment?
The first is in benefits. The pocket located at the bottom will allow us to store accessories that can come in handy at any time, as well as the footrest or tug on the side, which is only present in high-quality cases.
Another detail that differs from the segment is the availability of acquiring it in up to 6 different shades, all at the same cost. With this model we also ensure a durability over time that is superior to the majority of chainstays available on the market.
The dimensions of this protective sleeve will fit most guqins on the market. So if you have a higher or lower-end qin and larger or smaller dimensions, this case will suit you perfectly.
Why buy the multi-color high-class protective case in our online store?
Style, precious, compact, persistent over time, immediate stock … There are many factors that make us foresee why this case is one of the most demanded on the market. You just have to see the place it occupies on Amazon, in the specific category dedicated to the search for guqin, to realize what we are telling you. If it has cost you little to find it, it is a fact that it is very sold
By the way, we work with Amazon, in case you were wondering if you could buy your high-end Yanshan protective case from our online site. IMPORTANT: Contact the seller or find out on your own if you are going to have to assume possible customs tax expenses . Given the price for which this protective case is for sale, it is possible that this is the case
Many stores do not report something obvious and then many customers, through the comments about the product, more than one is surprised that they had to pay extra money. We are transparent and we don’t want that to happen to you, so as the saying goes: “he who warns is not a traitor”
What is the guqin?
Pronounced in Spanish as “Kuchin” and written in Chinese as古琴, it is one of the most popular string instruments in China and is characterized from the rest by being made up of the following elements:
For having 7 cords or strings of satin or animal origin such as fish, for having a main box or casket, the one that covers the guqin, predisposed in an oval shape, whose dimensions can reach up to 140cm long, 20cm wide and 8cm deep, for having a resonance or harmonica box that can be composed of walnut, cedar, mahogany, walnut or catalpa wood and for having a bridge without the presence of frets, normally composed of alloy materials
The expression “qin” is also used to refer to the instrument (written in Chinese as琴, 琹 or 珡), whose meaning is “musical instrument”. This nomenclature is used in any Chinese instrument but, as expected, each rope instrument has its peculiarities and, therefore, it is combined with a prefix in order to know which instrument it is. An example is the yangqin or huqin , other musical instruments belonging to the rope family
The Chinese prefix “gu” (in Chinese古) has a purely meaning of “ancient”, hence the literal meaning of guqin is “ancient musical instrument”. Less common is that it is named as “qixianqin” (in Chinese七絃琴), whose textual meaning is “7-string musical instrument”
What is the origin of the Chinese guqin?
There is much controversy about the history that revolves around guqin: some say that they were invented by the legendary Chinese Paoxi, Shennong or “The Yan Emperor” and Huang Di, better known as “The Yellow Emperor”
Others affirm that it was reconverted to a musical instrument, since at first it was used as a board by various Chinese tribes to taste delicacies on it. For them, eating at ground level was disrespectful and violated their principles
Be that as it may, today its origin is pouncing more on the side of the legendary Chinese figures. They lived there around 500-1000 BC and in caves from this time (which are still preserved today), a few decades ago cave writings and figures were found with a clear allusion and resemblance to the guqin
This stringed instrument came to be established as one of the symbols of the Chinese nobility, since the most supreme people in society used it as a way to entertain themselves. And this got to such a point, that during the Zhou, Qin and Han dynasties they could only be touched by a knight or lady who belonged to the upper class of society.
They understood that this instrument was a means to disconnect and release stress due to the delicate and subtle sound it emitted. As this sound was not characterized by being serious, it was not considered to be played in public. This is why they used the guqin privately and personally.
It was usual to do a kind of ritual before playing the instrument: First they crossed their feet, then their hands, later they closed their eyes and on their hands, also joined, and on their head, they threw water as a sign of purity. They did it in order to remove their sins. They couldn’t strum the strings feeling dirty inside
Doing this kind of ceremony and, later, emitting the sound of the guqin, was the human being’s way of connecting with mother nature. These rites were always played and performed in rural places, far from districts and urbanizations with high conglomeration of people.
During more recent dynasties such as the Qing (1644-1911), and even today, the guqin has been and is used as the perfect complement to “meditate”. As well as being touched on full moon nights, a fact that began after the end of the Qing dynasty and that was done in order to connect with our “own self” and get to know ourselves more.
One of the many legends that surrounds the guqin is the story of Kai, in which in his life he had always suffered both personally and financially. He was looking for a way to solve his problems, but could not find a way. One day he learned about the existence of this instrument and decided to play it doing the previous rite and in a green place imposed by the supreme heads of society.
What happened was surprising: Kai, a few months after doing this act once a week, began to get better and better in his life, showing that the guqin was more than an instrument, it was like a God, who saved of all the evils and taboos suffered beforehand. Now you will understand why it was so appreciated, to the point of imposing laws for the existence of this instrument
Another moving story in which guqin had a lot to do is the tragic-romantic legend of Sui and Dai, two people who had been united for each other despite the differences they had. One day they decided to play the guqin together first, each separately, and later the two of them together, one strumming the strings vertically and the other wagging his finger from left to right. Each one towards his function
Before they did this, they were doomed not to understand each other . As a result of doing this act, the two began to listen to each other, to understand each other, to put themselves in each other’s place. They couldn’t believe it. But Dai got up one day and when the miracle happened, Sui was found in her bed, dead , victim of a heart attack . Dai could not live with that, so he decided to commit suicide with the guqin: He put it at a considerable height so that the impact on the head would be deadly. So it was and everything next to Sui, who had never moved her from the bed
How has guqin evolved over the years to the present?
At first it was only an instrument made up of 4 strings. Many emperors of dynasties were perplexed to see how that instrument of its own seal had so few twines. That is why emperors of dynasties of different eras decided, first, to build a new guqin composed of 12 strings and, decades later, due to the complexity of its interpretation, it was decided to lower its number of strings to 8
In times before Christ it was even said that the guqin included, it did not have any string, that everything was played by touch and tap of the fingers on the wood that formed the elongated and narrow plank. This made no sense and was short-lived
Its shape has also changed : at first it was perpendicular and no slightly oblique dispositions. It was made of purely natural wood, it was not colored or decorated. With the passage of time, it was decided to dye it with representative illustrations of China and give it its arched shape to differentiate it from other instruments such as the piano or the guitar, which are both in a perpendicular arrangement.
Sovereigns of more recent times of the twentieth century considered that one of the strings of the guqin was left over, so it finally happened to have 7 strings and to be one of the distinctive features of the guqin, since most of their models have this total number of strings, except for a few older guqins, which are preserved with a greater and lesser number of moorings
What is the difference between conservatories and private interpreter groups?
In China there are two groups that are very close to qin where each one of them performed a different function: schools are in charge of teaching students the style of guqin they had to play while private companies are in charge of how to interpret it.
These groups mark in advance which days of the week you will see meetings between advanced guqin interpreters. When the day arrives, everyone plays certain styles, clearly differentiated, and it is debated which is the best for a certain event of the year. We refer to important festivities in China such as the “Chinese New Year”
These groupings are known as “Yajis” or “Gentile gatherings” and normally take place 2 or 3 times a month. The places where crowding occurs are not far from the aforementioned: green places, sacred places or private centers to hold conferences
Schools dedicated to qin, known in Spanish as “qin pai” (in Chinese琴派), are assigned a different function and guqin composers can implement different styles to the interpretation of their guqin thanks to the presence of these centers. Although it is true that most of the Qin countries were founded in China, over the years they have spread to areas close to this country, such as Japan or South Korea.
In the Japanese country, this school is known as “The Tokyo Qin Society” (in Japanese東京 秦 協). In it they have adhered their own notions about the style to be played with a Chinese qin. The repercussions of these guqin academies have reached countries such as the USA, known as “The North American Guqin Association” or Great Britain, known as “The London Youlan Qin Society”
These are the most transcendental schools of qin:
☞ School ‘ ‘ Guangling ” (in Chinese 廣陵 / 广陵)
☞ ”Yushan”School (虞山), also known as ”Qinchuan”
☞ ”Zhucheng” School (諸城 / 诸城)
☞ ”Pucheng” School (浦城), also known as ”Min”
☞ ”Jiuyi” School (九嶷)
☞ ”Lingnan” School (嶺南 / 岭南)
☞ ”Shaoxing” School (紹興 / 绍兴)
☞ ”Wu”School (吳 / 吴)
☞ ”Shan’nan” School (山南)
☞ ”Songjiang”School (松江)
☞ ”Jinling” School (金陵)
☞ ”Fanchuan”School (泛 川)
And what are some of the most reputable interpreters of guqin from ancient times to the present?
We have artists and interpreters of qin recognized since archaic times and a few others from more contemporary and current times.
Artists, considered as “amateurs” or “novices” and performers or composers, considered as “experts” or “versed”, work in different professions even though they have the same occupation.
Let’s say that composers, those advanced in the technique of guqin, enjoy greater opportunities than artists. Are these:
The archaic artists of the guqin:
☛ Confucius (in Chinese 孔子)
Compositions such as ”Kongzi Duyi” (孔子 讀 易), ”Weibian Sanjue” (韋 編 三絕 / 韦 编 三绝) and ”Youlan” (幽蘭 / 幽兰) are attributed to him.
☛ Bouya (伯牙)
He is considered to be the flagship interpreter of the qin in the seasonal periods of spring and autumn. His main compositions are ”Gao Shan” (in Chinese 高山) and ”Liu Shui” (in Chinese 流水).
☛ Zhuang Zi (莊子)
Philosopher who coincided in the most warlike time of the Chinese dynasty, that of Hang. His main compositions are ”Zhuang Zhou Mengdie” (莊周 蒙 蝶) and ”Shenhua Yin” (神化 引)
☛ Qu Yuan (屈原)
One of the most important dramatists of the most recent dynasty, the Jin. Its main composition is the work “Li Sao” (離騷)
☛ Cai Yong (蔡邕)
One of the most recognized composers of the Han dynasty. His main work is “Qin Cao” (琴 操)
☛ Cai Wenji (蔡文姬)
Younger daughter of Cai, emperor of the Hanm dynasty, is associated with the work of “Hujia Shiba-pai” (胡笳十八拍)
☛ Sima Xiangru (司馬 相 如)
Poet during the Han dynasty, his main work was “Fenghuang zhao ta de banlu” (凤凰 找 他 的 伴侣)
☛ Zhuge Liang (諸葛亮)
He was the main head of the war troops during the “Epoch of the Three Kingdoms”. In it the legend is told that the mandate felt the guqin without fear that it would suffer an attack by the opposition. His main work was “游牧民族 的 十八 首 长笛 歌” ( Eighteen flute songs of the nomad )
☛ Xi Kang (嵇 康)
He is the author of the work “Qin Fu” (琴 賦) and was the leader of the forests made up of bamboo wood.
☛ Li Bai (李白)
Poet of the Tang dynasty during the period 701-762
☛ Bai Juyi 白居易
Poet of the Tang dynasty during the period 772-846. This interpreter and Li Bai do not have a composition, as they participate as secondary interpreters
☛ Song Huizong (宋徽宗)
He was the main emperor of the Song dynasty. His main work was “Wanqin Tang” (萬 琴 堂), translated into Spanish as “Room of 10,000 Qin”
☛ Guo Chuwang (郭 楚 望)
Patriot standard-bearer at the end of the Song dynasty, composed “Xiaoxiang Shuiyun” (瀟湘 水雲 / 潇湘 水云)
Contemporary Guqin Artists
☛ Li Xiangting
☛ Gong Yi
☛ Zha Fuxi
☛ Wang Fei
☛ Cheng Yu
☛ Wu Zhaoji
☛ Zeng Chengwei
☛ Guan Pinghu
☛ Robert Hans van Gulik
What is the technique for playing the guqin instrument?
Depending on how we place our left and right fingers on the guqin strings, we will be able to interpret one piece of music or another.
To do this, it is necessary to be clear about what the score is and what movements of the left fingers and positions of the right fingers must be adopted. On the one hand, we have what types of sounds we can emit and, on the other hand, what is the procedure to follow with the fingers of our hand:
3 are the types of tones that the qin can emit. Are these:
- San Yin (in Chinese 散 音) or “scattered sounds”. It is produced by plucking the proper string and there is no clear connotation. In other words, it can be played in high and low tones at the same time.
- Fan Yin (in Chinese 泛音) or “floating sounds”. Unlike the previous sound, the musical range in which each of the notes of this style moves is not too far apart, so a clear connotation is followed here. It is characterized by having a sharp, delicate and tuned musical tone according to all of them
- An Yin (in Chinese 按 音 / 案 音 / 實 音 / 走 音) or “short sounds”. They are characterized by having a low, direct and blurred tone. To do this, the musician has to strum some of his left fingers on the strings and the fingers of the right hand have to move from left to right and vice versa, thus modifying the tuning of the melody, the main feature of this kind of sound.
Depending on where you locate and in what position the fingers of the hand are, you will be able to emit one sound or another. Although the book “Cunjian Guqin Zhifa Puzi Jilan” states that there are more than 1000 fingerings of the qin, only 50 of them are applied today. These are the most prominent:
Right hand fingerings
There are eight basic techniques differentiated from each other by the shape each of our left fingers takes. The left little finger is never used:
- Pi 〈劈〉 (thumb points out)
- Tuo 〈托〉 (thumb taps in)
- Mo 〈抹〉 (index finger inside)
- Tiao 〈挑〉 (index out)
- Gou 〈勾〉 (middle finger inside)
- Ti 〈剔〉 (heart out)
- Da 〈打〉 (the ring finger inside)
- Zhai 〈摘〉 (void out)
Right-hand fingerings with multiple fingers
- Cuo (撮). It consists of plucking two strings at the same time.
- Mon (輪 / 轮). To interpret it, a string with the ring, middle and index is plucked through rapid succession
- Suo (鎖 / 锁). This type of guqin fingering consists of plucking a string several times without changing the pitch.
- Bo (撥 / 拔). Using two separate fingers, two strings are struck at the same time
- Gun Fu (滚 拂). With the help of the index and middle fingers, we can interpret the “glissando” technique , which consists of passing from one sound to another quickly making all the note intervals be heard at the same time, in the event that the variation passes from one tone musical very low to a very high or vice versa
Left hand fingerings
These fingers will be responsible for producing a certain vibrato or tonal frequency in the qin. To do this, you have to press the cords with the left thumb raised but at medium height, not standing upright. And, on the other hand, the ring finger (the one between the middle finger and the little finger) has to move up-down or left-right
Only with the help of both fingers will you be able to emit the dreamed frequency. Some of the most popular techniques to produce the vibratos of the guqin are the Shang, the Xia, the Yin or the Nao, techniques that are explained in our article on how to play the qin . Don’t miss it 😉
Left and right hand fingerings
This type of guqin fingering is the least applied at present. There are techniques, such as the one explained in our article, which is “Kuan Pao”, which consists of placing the left thumb between string number 6 and 7 and with the yolk slightly out
Once you percuss the ropes of the qin with the fingers of the right hand, they are executed moving from right to left or vice versa, from faster rhythms to slower rhythms depending on the piece that is being composed.
The musical staff of qin, the tablature of the guqin or the qinpu
Although it is not a staff as such, because it does not show which notes should be played, if the Do, Re, Mi, F must be interpreted, but it shows what the tone should be, if low or high and the strumming technique. , that is, how the fingering should be
Qin tablature has evolved from the Sui, Tang and Jin dynastic times until the 1960s. It was in those dynasties that the first tablatures were found, back in the 12th century. However, older qin annotations and writings were found from the Sui, Tang and Ten Kingdoms dynasties such as the one preserved in a scroll or manuscript and named as “wenzi pu” (in Chinese 文字 譜)
The guqin score that is preserved here is called “Jieshi Diao Youlan” (in Chinese 碣石 調 調) and its attribution is due to Yong Menzhou (雍 門un ), a sovereign belonging to the dynastic period of Sixteen Kingdoms or Dynasties His particular tablature stands out for being written in vertical Chinese characters. In it, it is detailed step by step how the style, tone, rhythm and typing technique should be
It was in more recent dynastic stages, that of Ming or Qing, where it was decided to change some details of the tablatures. This was due to “Cao Rou” (Chinese 曹 柔), one of the most important editors of the Qing dynasty. With the help of other writers, it was possible to model the score and make it simpler, where the following was detailed:
The number of strings to be struck, plucking technique, number of hui or rubs, which finger was responsible for blurring the sound and making a dilated sound, and the musical note to be played in specific characters
This form of musical annotation of the guqin was called “jianzi pu” (in Chinese 減 字 譜) and was a turning point when it came to interpreting certain pieces or musical compositions of the qin, since from the Qing dynasties onwards, the today so well known “qinpu” (in Chinese 琴譜) that modern qin societies use. One of the most famous qinpus was that of “Shenqi Mipu”, whose author was Zhu Quan (in Chinese 朱 泉) or “Li Punyo” , whose author was Sao Li
In the 20th century, hundreds of qinpus have been found, different from one another. It was Lai Su (in Chinese 查 伏 溪) who found them, although it must be said that today it is possible to find this type of qinpus in remote places in China and, due to the laws imposed here, it must be immediately delivered to the appropriate authorities
Currently, in the tablatures from guqin to Do , Spanish is known as “gong” or it is written with the Chinese abbreviation “宮”, to Re as “Shang ” or “宮”, to Mi as “Jiao” or “Jue ”, Or the abbreviation ” 角 ”, to the Fa as ” Zhonglu ” or ” 宗 ”, to the Sun as ” Zhi ” or ” 徵 ” and to the La as ” Yu ” or ” 羽 ”. They are also indicated, especially in more modern qinpus, if it is of a higher or lower tone. Yes it isE Major the abbreviation “角” is used together with the abbreviation “更高” , or the Spanish nomenclature “Jiao Gèng”
What is the average duration of a musical work of the guqin?
Due to the specific and meticulous detail of the qinpus and the high number of musical pieces to be performed, the compositions lasted several minutes: between 3 and 10
Although it is not surprising that some are out of the average and last more than ten minutes, such as the work “Fishing in Crystal Natural Waters” (in Chinese 在 水晶 般 清澈 的 天然 水中 钓鱼)
These pieces, which have a certain difficulty to be understood, can only be played by the kings in the interpretation of the qin and they were playing with the scores. Often they make certain modifications or even throw the tablature on the ground and begin to draw a gift that not everyone has: creativity, that is, to interpret whatever comes to mind.
What are the most important works performed by the guqin?
There are a total of 10 but we have decided to give you the 4 most representative:
Praise the tree (向 树 致敬)
A composition dedicated to the flowering and shelter of the “Ginkgo” flowers , one of the most representative trees in China.
At first the score had the name of the tree as such, but as it is usual to find these trees near places with the presence of water and it was played with small lakes of water in the background, it was decided to put this name to the work
Flowing water (流动 的 水)
It is the most famous of all. Its interpreter is the one we mentioned at the beginning of our online site and it magnifies the importance of the currents of nature and water, two of the arts of Chinese culture.
Thanks to this work, it is why in these times the guqin is so well known and longed for
Dark and bright day (黑暗 与 光明 的 一天)
It is the modern appellation to the work of clouds and fog
Its author was “Guo Mian” (郭 棉) and it praises the beautiful views that contrast the dark clouds in the background with the most remote mountains of various Chinese regions
Goodbye and heading to Yang Guan (再见 , 去 阳 关)
Commemorates the disparities suffered by the farewell, separation and happiness between two people in love, which one of them has to head to this region
It is one of the most sensitive and sentimental works of Chinese culture and, later, it was taken to Chinese poems like the one written by “Yu Jian” (于 坚). The name of this work is similar to the name of this Chinese region
What is the Dapu in a qin?
It is the tablature, “jianzi pu” or “qin pu” adapted to modern times. In it, ideas from traditional tablature are copied and modified to either improve old versions or to create new melodies. This can only be done by guqin soloists. The artists or novices in the qin, to make these changes should consult in advance with a teacher of the academy
Normally this can take months, since at the beginning of the classes it will be impossible for someone with little knowledge of guqin to carry out this process. Yes, the teacher can consult this Chinese musical score during his intervention in case there is a specific rhythm, pause or strum that he should review
Whoever cannot attend these classes or is unable to do so, has to learn all the details involved in a tablature on their own and as if they knew what melody they were going to interpret. Let’s say that the imagination and improvisation of the person play an important role here.
An attempt was made to remodel the Jianzi Pu without success . Many saw it as an annotation structure difficult to understand and that the task of learning itself took a long journey, because they saw that if you did not dedicate several hours to it, you could experience the situation that the execution of the test was never 100% dominated. guqin. A Chinese saying already says it: “一小段 需要 三个月 ， 而 一 长 段 需要 三年”, translated into Spanish as: every work is ready to execute the dapu process if a short musical composition has been practicing for 3 months and if a long composition has been practiced for 3 years
But the founders see this type of musical notation as unique in the world given its age and originality. For nothing in the world were they going to allow it to be changed for a different musical annotation. However, today it is common for this tablature to be complemented with the musical staff that we all know, and that you also surely know.
What is the Tao in a guqin?
It is the incorporation of terms such as passion or emotion to any musical work of qin. On few occasions these rhythm changes are detailed in the tablature, but many tend to incorporate this into their compositions according to how it suits them.
There has always been the idea that the music of this instrument lacked bars since the tablature lacked detailing this element. Over time they have tried to make several remodels to the qinpu indicating where it was necessary to change the rhythm, without any success. They saw it as an unnecessary element. It was something that had to come out by oneself
Some of the works championed in using this detail was that of “Cai Lao”, published throughout 1950. In it, the jianzi pu was divided into two: on the one hand, the bars are detailed at each moment of the piece and , on the other hand, the tablature for qin of all life
There are also those that incorporate a rhythm beforehand, those compositions in which at no time will their measure vary, as is the theme of “Sannong Meihua “, and others of a rhythm with various variations that express the artist’s feelings, such as the works ”Xiaoxiang Shuiyun” or ”Langi Gonshu”
This is how the guqin tuning is achieved
When singing a qin, the following elements intervene: The piece that if there were nothing would make sense, the strings, each one of them is tied with a butterfly knot, a very typical method of tying in contemporary string instruments. make it difficult for them to untie
Subsequently, they go through the holes where the pegs go and are stretched along the body thanks to the bridge until they reach the reverse or internal part, where a series of strings are wound and tied on the phoenix foot and the same number of them on the goose foot
Finally, each of the strings is tuned thanks to the pegs. The chord in which the qins are usually intoned is in the Zheng Diao scale (in Chinese 正 調) or pentatonic of C Major, with the exception of E: C, D, F, G and A
We have examples of qin chords such as the ”Manjiao Diao” (Chinese 慢 角 調) or loosened 3 pentatonic scale or the ”Ruibin Diao” (Chinese 蕤 賔 調 / 蕤 宾 调) or low pentatonic scale. In the first we replace the third Fa with Mi and in the second the third note becomes Fa again, but in the fifth note change the A for the Si
What pieces or elements is the guqin made of?
The design of the qin has never stopped being remodeled in terms of its external and internal cover, the finish of the bridge, the circles located on the body of the qin, the pegs and even the finish of the strings.
These are the most important elements of each of the parts of the guqin:
The Guqin Semicircular Front Cap
This part of the body of the qin stands out for being slightly arched and that is not by chance. This represents the sky, one of the divine arts of the eastern country that we discuss here
This and the back of the guqin that we will now comment on, can be made up of fir, pine, maple, cedar, beech, walnut or mahogany wood.
The flattened Back Cover of the qin
In contrast to the external body, the rear or internal stands out for being flat and straight, without any curved areas. It represents the Earth, other of the Chinese divine arts. It makes sense, because the meaning of sky would not be easy to understand without the staging of our planet.
In it we find the peg holes and their corresponding bridge, the dragon and phoenix pond, the two goose feet and a rubber support to hold the guqin.
The Guqin Pegs
They are usually made of oak wood and can be replaced by another pack of pegs for qin that are sold in the market
They are finished in black and are smaller in size than many Western instrument pegs . With it, we can refine the qin to our liking
The Qin Bridge
We have it both on the inside of the curved body and on the outside. This element is essential in any instrument of a rope nature, because in this way the qin twines are perfectly molded, all even, firm and ready to be tapped with the fingers.
They are made of highly resistant metals, highly durable and resistant to external manipulations, such as scratches.
The Strings of the guqin
They had always been made up of silk fabrics until the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution”, a socio-political movement that took place in China between the 60s and 70s.
It was from then on when nylon ropes and synthetic steel threads began to be manufactured because they were stronger and thicker, capable of emitting a more serious sound, and the manufacture of silk cords was very little massive, in addition to the fact that they were very thin and closer to breaking
Despite the advantages of this material, many contemporary qin players and fans reject it because the sound it emits is not fine and delicate. They claim that despite breaking, they can be reattached and played again as if nothing had happened, whereas with nylon strings it cannot be done.
What’s the good in all of this and what you shouldn’t worry about? That they are increasingly better adapted to the demands of the public and provide us with the same or better than at the time provided the silk ropes.
These are the types of strings that we have in a qin:
The fine size strings or “Zhongqing”
They group strings number 1 and 2. Provide the most subtle tones
The standard size strings or “Taigu”
They group strings number 3, 4 and 5. Their dimensions are neither thin nor thick and they are in charge of equating the low or high tone of the qin.
The chunky or “Jiazhong” size strings
They group strings 6 and 7. They are responsible for sealing the lower tones of the qin.
The pond or Dragon’s foot of qin
If you are a true fan of this country, yes or yes you have to know that this kind of “animal” is one of the most relevant and well-known performances of Chinese culture.
Its size is slightly larger than the phoenix opening, and it is responsible for emitting that hollowed and deep sound of the guqin
The pond or phoenix foot of the guqin
Slightly smaller in size and just like musical notes, these deep sounds can vary in pitch.
That is why we have two openings: a larger one (reserved for high tones) and a smaller one (reserved for low tones).
The pond or goose foot or “ancient” pegbox of the qin
It was the open protrusion through which the silk ropes were wound and tied, which is today the pegbox of the guqin. The same thing happens here as with the strings, many players prefer this older string mooring system.
The Hui of the guqin
With 13 huis in all, they all together represent the total number of months in the Chinese calendar. They are made up of the same organic element that comes by default but colored by a contrasting color: white.
These elements help us to know the exact location where we have to rest our finger, another of the essential details when playing this instrument.
Why buy new and unworn guqin in our online store?
We are aware of the difficulty you have to acquire a Chinese guqin in a physical or ordinary store. Therefore, we decided to create the definitive list of the entire qins network. The best low, medium and high-end guqins models of 2021, designed for any type of user, you will find them only here, at guqininstrumento.shop !
All the ranges of guqins that you find here come from Amazon, Ebay, Aliexpress, Mercado Libre, Etsy and Thomann, come on, due to a lack of stores it will surely not be the reason why you did not get a qin. Thanks to this, from here you are lucky to enjoy the advantages of the consumer and the product itself:
Shipping in 24h / 1-2 weeks depending on where the seller comes from and the country where you live, permanent stock and immediate availability of guqins, excellent customer service, a return and refund policy in case of breakdown or product received in poor condition, warranty for a year or more depending on the range you buy, temporary discounts and even the possibility of getting your favorite model by paying for it for several months, with the consequent increase in interest and the final price to pay for the instrument
Very ATENTO ⚠️ this then we can tell you that! Especially if you are going to buy the qin from Aliexpress , although it can also happen in any of the stores with which we collaborate. And I do not know if you will know that if you opt to acquire a high-end qin model and it exceeds the minimum threshold, before receiving the order you must pay an amount of extra money that varies depending on how much you have spent and the% of VAT of your country.
Find out or if you want we will do it for you by asking us from our contact form . It is very important, we want that if or if you have your favorite instrument in your hands and you may have saved just enough money to get your range of preferred qin until you realize that you have to assume something that many stores report, yes, but in “lyrics little”
Imagine for a moment that in both hands, holding it by weight, you have this fascinating millennial instrument of more than 2000 years old looking at the sky and saying: At last I have this that I longed for so much
Now you are just seconds away from making your dream come true!
What is the price of the new guqins?
All fresh-from-the-oven high-end, medium-high, medium, medium-low, and low-end qins differ in cost. The quality of the materials, the type of audience to which they are intended and the amount of extra accessories available are some of the things that can reveal the real cost of the guqin
For high-end guqins, we have them at cheaper prices within their segment that start from € 800 to more expensive prices that can reach € 1500. The mid – range prices may hover between 350 € -600 € , while the low – end can split from 150 € up to 300 €
The price of a new qin may vary depending on the season of the year, such as if it coincides with “Chinese New Year” or if the seller includes some of the things revealed above , and shipping costs may be free or not depending on where it is exported from
Why buy second-hand guqin in our online store?
Acquiring this prototype guqins is possible, especially on Aliexpress , with a cheaper price policy, yes, but with a higher shipping cost, a longer shipping delay and a return policy in case of receiving a defective qin that it may take several weeks, factors that play against the impatience suffered by many users when purchasing a Qin prototype directly from Chinese online stores
If you are Spanish or Latin American and you know of the existence of leading stores in second-hand product sales such as Wallapop or Thousand Ads, we recommend that you take a look or calm down, we, if the occasion deserves it, we will put up a catalog of extensive and complete second-hand guqins from our online store
Normally, it is possible that when acquiring a second-hand qin you do not have to assume this additional cost of customs taxes for something that we will reveal to you below 👇, in the following heading
What if once and for all you are going to buy the used guqin with which you will leave the slobber hanging on your own and strangers? Don’t wait any longer and get your favorite before it runs out, used qins run out of stock sooner than unused ones!
What is the price of second-hand guqins?
When we hear about it, we only miss one thing per head: economic and immediate delivery even if you have little money. You have to know that the starting costs of these second-hand guqins, many of them, start from € 100
Most of them have extra shipping costs to assume, so the total amount can be raised up to € 120-150 . Many of the used guqins that are for sale on the market are low-mid or low-end. We will rarely find a high-end used qin available at a cheap cost.
From second-hand qins available for amounts of € 200 , many of the manufacturers give us the advantage of receiving the product without assuming shipping costs, although the delay in shipping will not stand out for being the fastest in the market.